Viability of Design Guidelines
Report on the Viability of Design Guidelines of the P2Pvalue project platform
Here is the full deliverable of the D2.1: Viability of Design Guidelines on institutional design settings, rewards systems and CBPP software platform features.
Below you can read the introduction as well as the embedded version of the report for ease of reading, it is available here as a downloadable PDF and, like all project deliverables, it is available on the dedicated page
This document presents a transversal analysis of the design guidelines proposed in WP1. These guidelines constitute the basis against which to test the proposed features and value propositions for the P2Pvalue software platform. Following this preliminary assessment, more work will be undertaken in order to come up with new and more refined value propositions, and eventually with a set of technical specifications about the manner in which these features should be implement in the P2Pvalue platform (Deliverable 2.2).
The objective of this document is to support the work of the development team (UCM) by identifying whether and how the guidelines identified in WP1 can be fleshed out into “value propositions” (i.e. the actual value or features provided by the application to its users) that respond to the needs of CBPP communities in terms of value creation and collaborative production —while making sure that these features are in line with the underlying principles that the guidelines are meant to promote.
In addition to the mandatory guidelines concerning the technical infrastructure of the P2Pvalue platform (decentralized architecture, privacy and encryption, modularity and integration), the consortium has selected an additional set of guidelines which were regarded as critical —in the short term— for the purpose of software development.
These guidelines can be classified in the following categories:
- Technical considerations
- Proposed attributes for community governance
- Proposed value metrics & rewards
- Legal considerations
These analyses, in conjunction with the modelling task of Task 2.2, are meant to substantiate the guidelines with more empirical information, which has been collected through data collection and analysis (UAB), surveys (UAB, P2PF), ethnographic research (UNIMI) and more theoretically techno-legal analysis (CNRS).
This will support the process of identifying which features and value propositions are the most desirable for the P2Pvalue platform, in terms of infrastructure design, technical features, governance model, sustainability strategy, value metrics and reward mechanisms. These analyses will also provide a preliminary set of recommendations about the best way to implement these features to ensure the techno-legal viability and long-term sustainability of CBPP communities.
Given our lean approach to software development, these recommendations have been provided at an early stage, throughout the course of the project, to enable WP3 to start implementing them, without waiting for the final selection and formal specifications (Deliverable 2.2).
Based on the findings of WP1, Deliverable 1.3 (Design Guidelines) provided a set of general principles and guidelines that would inform the design and development of the P2Pvalue platform. For the purpose of Task 2.1, the consortium has identified the main principles and guidelines that should be accounted for when assessing the viability of each proposed feature and value proposition.
Based on the outcomes of the ethnographic studies undertaken by UNIMI and the repeated communications with the testbed communities with a view to identifying their actual problems and needs, we have worked together as a consortium in order to come up with a series of features and value propositions intended to respond to these problems and fulfill these needs. Each one of these features has subsequently been either discarded or validated, subject to the following process:
UNIMI has analysed the test-bed communities through digital and physical ethnographic methods, in order to identify the tools currently used by each community, as well as their corresponding problems and needs.
UCM has been in touch with the test-bed communities over the course of the project, to test the value propositions with community members and identify those that should be dropped or kept.
UAB was in charge of further analysing the database elaborated as part of WP1 for additional correlations and extra information related to the various value propositions identified by the consortium and validated by UCM.
P2PF was in charge of investigating the viability of the proposed features and value propositions by testing them against the general principles shared amongst different CBPP communities —such as individual autonomy, equality, solidarity, commitment to openness, privacy, freedom of expression, etc— as identified through the surveys carried out in the framework of WP1.
CNRS was responsible for gathering together all information provided by the other partners. It was in charge of checking the technical feasibility of each proposed feature and value proposition (along with UCM), assessing them for consistency with the law and general principles shared amongst different CBPP communities, as well as testing them against the selected principles and guidelines from Deliverable 1.3.
Accordingly, the development of the P2Pvalue platform follows both a top-down and bottom-up approach. The bottom-up approach reflects the preferences of actual CBPP communities, which have been identified through our empirical studies —i.e. the data collection, the ethnographic analysis of the testbed communities and the multiple interviews or surveys with a range of CBPP communities. The top-down approach is dictated by the underlying agenda of the consortium as a whole —i.e. our intention to promote individual autonomy, privacy and other civil liberties or fundamental rights— which is informed by the theoretical analysis and techno-legal research undertaken by the CNRS.
This document summarize our attempts at finding the point where these two approaches intersect, the point where our technological principles or guidelines are effectively substantiated with real user needs. It aggregates the recommendations provided by each partner (Deliverable 1.3) and tests them against the information retrieved from actual CBPP communities, in order to come up with a series of features or value propositions that would inform the development of the P2Pvalue platform.