Mapping the Common Based Peer Production: A crowd sourcing experiment
Members of the P2Pvalue project recently presented papers at the Internet, Politics, and Policy (IPP) conference at the Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford on 25-26 September 2014.
The Barcelona team presented “Mapping the common based peer production: A crowd-sourcing experiment”
Commons-based peer production (CBPP) is an emerging and innovative model of collaborative production. It usually takes place through a digital platform (Benkler 2006). It is characterized by peer to peer relationships, in contrast to the traditionally hierarchical command and contractual relationships, and with limited mercantile exchange. It results in the (generally) open access provision of commons resources (P2Pvalue, 2014).
Some well-known examples are Free and Open Source Software (FLOSS) projects and Wikipedia. From those first generation of cases, there has recently been an expansion of CBPP to other areas of activity, such as citizen science, open product design, management of common spaces and open data sources. The paper explains the criteria to mapthis emerging model of collaborative production.
The map of CBPP cases is based on web observation, web scripts, interviews to experts (to have an initial set of areas of activity of CBPP), a survey between CBPP cases to an ulterior classification and analysis of 302cases. The result is the biggest database of CBPP cases, the data from the CBPP cases include area of activity, main purpose of the case, language, country, relationship with the digital environment (from digitally based to digitally supported), type of resulting resource, type of license and software and more of 150 variables.
To map this diversity of cases is abig methodological challenge with some constraints such as the absence of previous CBPP database and other features of this phenomena that we explain in the following document.
Mayo Fuster Morell, Martínez Rubén, Jorge Luis Salcedo Maldonado; IGOP Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona